The term Mudejar comes from the Arab word “mudayyan”which means the one who has been allowed to remain.
There was religious tolerance in Spain in the Middle Ages in the north under the Christian Monarchs. While they waged war on the Moors in the south, the Muslim population that lived under Christian rule were left to live in fairly reasonable conditions and worked as serfs keeping many nobles rich.
The Muslims were able to keep their Arabic language, their Islamic religion and their own social organisation until the "Grand Expulsion" of 1609 and 1613 when the Moriscos (Moors who converted to Christianity after the Reconquest) were shipped to north Africa.
Aragonese Mudejar architecture has a marked local and traditional character. Structures were developed by skilled master builders, the majority of them Moors. They were expert artisans, stone masons and carpenters. Their extensive knowledge of the forms and techniques of Moorish architecture gave them the ability to produce a very distinctive architectural style.
Teruel also has a proud display of important modernist jewels from the early 20th century which boast a variety of styles from Art Nouveau to Viennese Secession, but always directly influenced by Catalan Modernism.
This presentation will touch on the history of Teruel as well as its treasures.