19th Century Madrilenian school of Romanticism

In this lecture, we will learn about the Madrilenian School of Romanticism who followed a style originated by Francisco Goya.


These artists looked around their Madrid barrios for inspiration. What they saw was a society of extreme poverty. Spain was now a country with great social and cultural differences filled with cruelty, withered, and prejudice. They chose to deny the ideals of beauty, that had prevailed over the years, and represent their scenes in gloomy, earthy colors. The "beautiful" was replaced in the romantic ideal by the "sublime" and narrative painting showcased episodes endowed with extreme nobility, elegance, and gravity.

Unlike the Andaulician style whereby the identification of a specific place captured with a landmark monument or square shapes to represent the city, this trend does not appear in the Romantic painters of Madrid, who were more attentive only to man than to the man-city relationship.

The Madrilenian scenes are full of expressiveness and immediacy that shows us an everyday Madrid. Unlike the Andalusian school, which is more friendly and colorful, the Madrilenian School gives us a true and realistic image of the popular classes of the first half of the 19th century.