• All Classes are university level 
  • Presentations includes lecture and slideshow visuals
  • In Person * Online Zoom


  1. Tribute to El Greco and Mannerism
  2. El Greco: Dedicated to the Mysteries
  3. Tribute to Jusepe de Ribera and High Renaissance & Baroque
  4. Tribute to Velazquez and Baroque
  5. Velazquez & Humanism
  6. Tribute to Goya & Romanticism
  7. Goya in Black and White *sketches & aquatints*
  8. Goya's Women & Fashion
  9. Tribute to Sorolla: The Artist, the Humanist, the Scientist of Impressionism 
  10. The Portraits of Sorolla
  11. Sorolla: The Lure of the Light with emphasis on Valencian Impressionism and works from Xàbia  / Jávea 
  12. Clotilde: Sorolla's Cornerstone
  13. Sorolla: The Naked Truth of Academicism, Social Realism & Costumbrismo
  14. Sorolla: Into the Light of Impressionism and Luminism
  15. Tribute to Picasso
  16. Picasso in Paris
  17. Salvador and Freud
  18. Salvador and Science
  19. Tribute To Toledo * Part One
  20. Tribute To Toledo * Part Two 
  21. Glorious Gandia
  22. Treasures Of Teruel
  23. Victorious Valencia - Jewels of Architecture
  24. Valencia's Fine Arts Museum - International Gothic Collection
  25. Valencia's Fine Arts Museum - The Classics Of The Collection
  26. Xàbia / Jávea * Architecture & Artifacts (Walking Lecture)7
  27. Isabella I of Castile
  28. Remedios Varo * Symbolism to Surrealism
  29. Tribute to Frida Kahlo
  30. Understanding Valencian Gothic Architecture* sacred & civil 
  31. Understanding Spanish Royal Renaissance Architecture

historical times, biography,
art works

El Greco

Doménikos Theotokópoulos (October 1541 – 7 April 1614),[2] most widely known as El Greco ("The Greek")

  • Painter, sculptor and architect of the Early Spanish Renaissance. His works blend Post-Byzantine iconographic art, Mannerism, Venetian Renaissance and Spanish Mysticism
  • Characterized by modern scholars as an artist so individual that he belongs to no conventional school. He is best known for tortuously elongated figures and often fantastic or phantasmagorical pigmentation. 
  • El Greco's dramatic and expressionistic style found appreciation in the 20th century and he is regarded as a precursor of both Expressionism and Cubism, while his personality and works were a source of inspiration for poets and writers such as Rainer Maria Rilke and Nikos Kazantzakis.


  • Tribute to El Greco and Mannerism
  • Dedicated to the Mysteries

Jusepe de Ribera

(baptized February 17, 1591; died September 2, 1652)

  • Valencian Tenebrist painter and printmaker, although his mature work was all done in Italy. He soaked his brush in the blood of the saints and obsessively painted themes of martydoms and the macabre with an aggressive sense of greater truthfulness as he became of the leading contributors to the Vatican's propaganda campaign of Catholic Counter-Reformation Art. 
  • In Spain and Italy his work captured the beautiful and the terrible with equal success. He is the direct influence to Spain's great artist, Diego Velazquez (1599-1660) as well as paving the way for the Neapolitan Baroque movement in Naples in the second half of the 17th century.


  • Tribute to Jusepe de Ribera and High Renaissance & Baroque

Diego Velázquez

Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez (June 6, 1599 – August 6, 1660)

  • Spanish painter, the leading artist in the court of King Philip IV, and one of the most important painters of the Spanish Golden Age. He was an individualistic artist of the contemporary Baroque period. 
  • In addition to numerous renditions of scenes of historical and cultural significance, he painted scores of portraits of the Spanish royal family, other notable European figures, and commoners, culminating in the production of his masterpiece Las Meninas (1656).


  • Tribute to Velazquez and Baroque
  • Velazquez & Humanism

Francisco Goya

Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes (30 March 1746 – 16 April 1828)

  • Spanish romantic painter and printmaker. He is considered the most important Spanish artist of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. He was also one of the great contemporary portraitists.
  • Throughout his long career he was a commentator and chronicler of his era. Immensely successful in his lifetime, Goya is often referred to as both the last of the Old Masters and the first of the moderns. 


  • Tribute to Goya & Romanticism
  • Goya in Black and White *sketches & aquatints*
  • Goya's Women & Fashion

Joaquín Sorolla

Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida (27 February 1863 – 10 August 1923)

  • Spanish painter. Sorolla excelled in the painting of portraits, landscapes, and monumental works of social and historical themes. 
  • His most typical works are characterized by a dexterous representation of the people and landscape under the bright sunlight of his native land and sunlit water.


  • Tribute to Sorolla - The Artist, the Humanist, the Scientist of Impressionism 
  • The Portraits of Sorolla
  • The Lure of the Light with emphasis on Valencian Impressionism and works from Xàbia  / Jávea 
  • Clotilde: Sorolla's Cornerstone
  • Sorolla: The Naked Truth of Academicism, Social Realism & Costumbrismo
  • Sorolla: Into the Light of Impressionism and Luminism

Pablo Picasso

Pablo Ruiz Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973)

  • Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France. Regarded as one of the most influential artists of the 20th century. 
  • Known for co-founding the Cubist movement, the invention of constructed sculpture, the co-invention of collage, and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore. 
  • Among his most famous works are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907), and Guernica (1937), a dramatic portrayal of the bombing of Guernica by the German and Italian airforces during the Spanish Civil War.


  • Tribute to Picasso
  • Picasso in Paris

Salvador Dalí

Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, 1st Marquis of Dalí de Púbol (11 May 1904 – 23 January 1989), known professionally as Salvador Dalí

  • Spanish surrealist born in Figueres, Catalonia, Spain. He was a skilled draftsman, best known for the striking and bizarre images in his surrealist work. His painterly skills are often attributed to the influence of Renaissance masters. 
  • His best-known work, The Persistence of Memory, was completed in August 1931. 
  • Dalí's expansive artistic repertoire included film, sculpture, and photography, at times in collaboration with a range of artists in a variety of media. Dalí was highly imaginative, and also enjoyed indulging in unusual and grandiose behavior. To the dismay of those who held his work in high regard, and to the irritation of his critics, his eccentric manner and attention-grabbing public actions sometimes drew more attention than his artwork.


  • Salvador and Freud
  • Salvador and Science

including historical notes derived from persons of privileged, 
trades, the arts and architecture

Tribute To Toledo * Part One & Part Two 


  • Toledo dates back to Roman times, when records show it was an important urban center. It is also a city renowned for its ethic and religious diversity, a place where large communities of Christians, Jews and Muslims converged and intermingled to forge a great society. Toledo showcases the brilliance of its architecture, which reflects the various periods of its history and the cultures that converged there.

Glorious Gandia


  • The capital of the Safor region, Gandia is a Valencian town that retains a history propelled by illustrious people and magnificent civil and religious architecture, as well as its arts, crafts, trades and industry.

Treasures Of Teruel


  • Famed for its preservation of the most spectacular Aragonese Mudejar architecture gives Teruel its very distinctive local and traditional character. Teruel also has a proud display of important modernist jewels from the early 20th century which boast a variety of styles from Art Nouveau to Viennese Secession, but always directly influenced by Catalan Modernism.

Victorious Valencia - Jewels of Architecture


  • Valencia is full of architectural treasures around every corner. This abundance of unique manifestations and artifacts of humanity has made Valencia the 2nd most important city in Spain. 
  • Valencia has been a very special place since the time of the Romans. It really comes into its own with the wealth of traders, nobles and royalty in the medieval era.  The marvelous comes to life in facades and interiors of churches, convents, monasteries and secular buildings and palaces.  

The Classics Of The Collection - Valencia's Fine Arts Museum 


  • The second largest art gallery in Spain, with works from the 15th to the 19th centuries, including rooms dedicated to the magnificent oeuvre of the famous Valencian painter Joaquín Sorolla, as well as a room dedicated to Francisco de Goya.
  • Importance of the architecture of the museum building, portal and dome
  • Importance of the Renaissance courtyard of the 16th century, owned by ambassador Vich and preserved at the museum. 
  • Importance of the magnificent collection of Valencian Gothic alters and polychromes
  • Importance of the prestigious Valencian master artists such as Vicente López, Juan de Joanes, Jacomart, Joan de Joanes, Francisco and Juan Ribalta, Jerónimo Jacinto de Espinosa, José de Ribera and others.
  • Plus the Grand Spanish masters from Sevilla and Madrid like Diego Velázquez, Bartolomé Esteban Murillo and Francisco de Goya.


Xàbia / Jávea * Architecture & Artifacts
  • This is a "walking" lecture in the old town of Xàbia  / Jávea  (not in classroom) exploring the eras from the 14th - 20th centuries.
  • Examine both civic and sacred architecture in its historical context / family associations.
  • Examine the monuments.
  • Examine the exterior / interior of the Church of San Bartolomé including the architecture, altars, chapel, polychomes, and artworks.
  • Visit the museum and examine the rural traditions memorialised by impressionist artworks by the late Solar Blasco (founder of museum).

including personal biographies, artworks and / or accomplishments

Isabella I of Castile

Isabella I (22 April 1451 – 26 November 1504) reigned as Queen of Castile from 1474 until her death.

  • Her marriage to Ferdinand II of Aragon became the basis for the political unification of Spain under their grandson, Charles V. 
  • After a struggle to claim her right to the throne, she reorganized the governmental system, brought the crime rate to the lowest it had been in years, and unburdened the kingdom of the enormous debt her brother had left behind. Her reforms and those she made with her husband had an influence that extended well beyond the borders of their united kingdoms. 
  • Isabella and Ferdinand are known for completing the Reconquista, ordering conversion or exile of their Muslim and Jewish subjects, and for supporting and financing Christopher Columbus's 1492 voyage that led to the opening of the New World and to the establishment of Spain as the first global power which dominated Europe and much of the world for more than a century. 
  • Isabella, granted together with her husband the title "the Catholic" by Pope Alexander VI, was recognized as a Servant of God by the Catholic Church in 1974.

Remedios Varo * Symbolism to Surrealism

Remedios Varo Uranga (16 December 1908 – 8 October 1963)

  • Spanish surreal painter, writer and graphic artist, political exile in Mexico and naturalized Mexican later. 
  • She was one of the first women who studied at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando in Madrid . 
  • In 1932 she settled in Barcelona , where she worked as an advertising designer, joining the Catalan surrealist group Logicofobista . In 1937 she traveled to Paris with the French surrealist poet Benjamin Péret and in 1941, with the arrival of the Nazis in the French capital, he went into exile in Mexico. 
  • She never returned to Spain .Varo's work evokes a world emerged from her imagination where the scientific, the mystical, the esoteric and the magical are mixed.

Tribute to Frida Kahlo

Frida Kahlo de Rivera (6 July 1907 – 13 July 1954)

  • Mexican artist who painted many portraits, self-portraits and works inspired by the nature and artifacts of Mexico. Inspired by the country's popular culture, she employed a naïve folk art style to explore questions of identity, postcolonialism, gender, class and race in Mexican society. 
  • Her paintings often had strong autobiographical elements and mixed realism with fantasy. In addition to belonging to the post-revolutionary Mexicayotl movement, which sought to define a Mexican identity, Kahlo has been described as a surrealist or magical realist.


Understanding Valencian Gothic * sacred & civil 

It was developed during the 14th century and reached its maturity and maximum expression in the 15th century.

  • It occurred in the Kingdom of Valencia, held by the crown of Aragon, born out of conquered Muslim territory. After the conquest, the Valenician kingdom was left out of political problems of the Crown and hence flourished in agriculture, craftsmanship and trade commercialism aided by its easy access to the Mediterranean and an expert submissive Moorish workforce. 
  • Throughout the fifteenth century, urban and rural growth was supported by influential people determined to promote their wealth with sacred and civil grandeur. King Alfonso V and the family of Rodrigo de Borja, then Pope Alejandro VI, were eager to advance the Valencian Gothic style. 
  • Valencian Gothic architecture developed and grew based on existing Mediterranean constructive systems and architectural arrangements already used by the Romans and Arabs rather than adopt the novel architectural styles from northern France.

Understanding Spanish Royal Renaissance Architecture

In this class, students will learn how Spain in the late 1400'a and all of the 1500's century grew both politically and economically making it viable to construct remarkable buildings. Explored will be the details of the different styles that evolved as well as the motivations and philosophies, even secrets and scandals, behind their developments.

  • The Spanish Renaissance in architecture began as a grafted extension to the Gothic forms of the last decades of the 15th century. The new style was called Plateresque, because of the elaborated and decorated facades, portals and windows that brought to the mind the decorative motifs of the intricately detailed work of silversmiths, the “Plateros”. Classical orders and candelabra motifs (a candelieri) combined freely into the symmetrical facades, portals and windows.
  • Purism was a follow up phase that sought simpler and more refined forms, in a sober and classical line of balance and technical perfection, paying more attention to structural issues and the harmony of proportions. Purism was characterized by the use of barrel vaults, Greco / Roman arches, cupolas /domes and reduced sculptural decoration limited to small strategic spaces, valuing smooth space as an exponent of the new pure and harmonious aesthetics. In general, the aspect of purist architecture is of balance and monumental size, in opposition to the fragility and decorativism of Plateresque.
  • From the mid 16th century under Felipe II, there was a much closer adherence to the art of ancient Rome. A new style emerged; the Herrerian style, which rejected all decorative elements for an extremely sober and naked design that reached higher levels of perfection with the use of granite ashlar work, and influenced the Spanish architecture of both the peninsula and the colonies for over a century.